Korea unveils plans to prop up second-tier stock bourse
[THE INVESTOR] South Korea unveiled on Jan. 11 plans to prop up the tech-heavy Kosdaq bourse by giving tax relief to investors, creating new composite stock market indexes and lowering the entry barrier for firms to go public on the market.
The measures, released by the Financial Services Commission, are aimed to stimulate venture firms’ growth in line with the Moon Jae-in administration’s policy direction and the market itself suffering from the flight of powerhouses, such as Kakao and Celltrion seeking to land on the top-tier Kospi market for larger investment opportunities.
Despite soaring financial market liquidity on the back of monetary expansion, entry into the second-tier market has remained subpar, posing hurdles to the growth of venture firms.
“We will prop up innovative growth through activating the Kosdaq market,” said Deputy Prime Minister for Economy and Finance Minister Kim Dong-yeon during a meeting of economy-related ministers. “The Kosdaq market is the core infra that fosters venture companies, and it will be reinforced to become a sound and entrusted market.”
The plans include giving tax breaks to individuals investing in mutual funds for startups, easing listing rules for the market and creating a fund of 300 billion won ($280.3 million) to invest in Kosdaq-listed firms.
The Korea Exchange will introduce new indexes with stocks listed on both the first-tier Kospi and Kosdaq to woo institutional investors.
One of them is the provisionally named KRX 300, consisting of 300 firms -- 232 from Kospi and 70 from Kosdaq -- to be released from Feb. 5. By market cap, the Kosdaq will be responsible for 6.5 percent of the new index.
The components will be selected from the top shares by market cap from nine categories following the guidance of the Global Industry Classification Standard, explained Edward Lee, director-general of the Index Business Department of the Korea Exchange.
There are currently two composite indexes for the Kospi and Kosdaq -- the KTOP30 and KRX100 -- which have been deemed insufficient to represent the Korean markets, containing little composition of Kosdaq-listed firms.
The KRX will also introduce another new index, by June, made up of small and mid-sized caps from both the Kospi and Kosdaq.
The new indexes are expected to diversify money flow that has been concentrated on the benchmark Kospi 200 index, which is made up of blue chips listed on the top-tier market.
The government said it aims to diversify the money flow that has been concentrated toward the Kospi 200, which it said has failed to reflect the Kosdaq market and lacks in diversity.
The market cap of the constituents for the Kospi 200, created in 1994, accounts for over 75 percent of the Kospi and the Kosdaq combined.
Meanwhile, pension funds will get their securities transaction tax of 0.3 percent in Korea exempted when trading Kosdaq-listed shares, starting in the second half of 2018 following a law revision, while a retail investor can get a tax deduction of 10 percent on investments of up to 30 million won made up of Kosdaq shares, starting February.
“Institutional investors like pension fund managers tolerate risk and engage in a sustainable investment scheme, and their investment into Kosdaq shares is crucial,” said Park Jung-hoon, director-general of Capital Markets Bureau of the FSC.
As of September, Kosdaq shares accounted for a mere 2 percent in the stock portfolio of the largest local public fund, the National Pension Service, worth 125 trillion won.
To directly help prop up Kosdaq-listed firms, a fund of 300 billion won, the “Kosdaq scale-up Fund,” is to be created, with half of the investments coming from local financial institutions.
Also, to help along the initial public offering process for firms showing potential, some of prerequisites will be scrapped within the first half of this year. They include evidence of continuous profitability and no cases of capital damage.
More firms that suffer low profitability despite growth potential will also be encouraged to take on an unabridged IPO process through the new “Tesla Policy,” named for the Nasdaq-listed US electric vehicle maker. The policy was first introduced in December 2016.
Through a “put-back option,“ an underwriter is obliged to buy stocks from investors when the stock price of firms that went public falls below 90 percent of the initially offered price within three months.
Following the measure, however, an underwriter will be exempt from the put-back option if the underwriter has had no cases of the option within three years. Firms will also be exempted from the option if they have moved to the Kosdaq from the third-tier Konex market with records of over 1,000 shares traded daily on average over six months.
By Son Ji-hyoung/The Korea Herald (firstname.lastname@example.org)